Sep 7, 2018

Up-regulation of miR-210 induced by a hypoxic microenvironment promotes breast cancer stem cells metastasis, proliferation, and self-renewal by targeting E-cadherin

FASEB Journal : Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Tingting TangLiang Jin


Breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs), a small subset of breast cancer cells with stem cell-like properties, are essential in tumor formation, metastasis, resistance to anticancer therapies, and cancer recurrence. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in tumorigenicity by regulating specific oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes, and their roles in BCSCs are becoming apparent. A novel, 3-dimensional (3D), semisolid culture system was established to culture MCF-7 spheroid cells with high percentage of BCSCs. The differences in miRNA expression among the MCF-7 parental cells, BCSC-enriched MCF-7 spheroid cells, and CD44+/CD24- MCF-7 cells were evaluated by miRNA microarray, and the high expression of miR-210 in MCF-7 spheroid cells and CD44+/CD24- MCF-7 cells was verified by quantitative RT-PCR. MCF-7 cells were cultured in a hypoxic chamber to detect the effect of hypoxia on miR-210 expression and the stemness of the cells. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2- yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT), transwell, and sphere-formation assays were performed to detect the proliferation, migration, and self-renewal ability of miR-210-overexpressed MCF-7 cells and MCF-7 spheroid cells with miR-210 knocked down. The target of miR-210 was validated with...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

In Vivo
Immunofluorescence Assay
Microarray Analysis
Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Transcription Repressor/Corepressor

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