Sep 7, 2018

Up-regulation of miR-210 induced by a hypoxic microenvironment promotes breast cancer stem cells metastasis, proliferation, and self-renewal by targeting E-cadherin

FASEB Journal : Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Tingting TangLiang Jin

Abstract

Breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs), a small subset of breast cancer cells with stem cell-like properties, are essential in tumor formation, metastasis, resistance to anticancer therapies, and cancer recurrence. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in tumorigenicity by regulating specific oncogenes and tumor-suppressor genes, and their roles in BCSCs are becoming apparent. A novel, 3-dimensional (3D), semisolid culture system was established to culture MCF-7 spheroid cells with high percentage of BCSCs. The differences in miRNA expression among the MCF-7 parental cells, BCSC-enriched MCF-7 spheroid cells, and CD44+/CD24- MCF-7 cells were evaluated by miRNA microarray, and the high expression of miR-210 in MCF-7 spheroid cells and CD44+/CD24- MCF-7 cells was verified by quantitative RT-PCR. MCF-7 cells were cultured in a hypoxic chamber to detect the effect of hypoxia on miR-210 expression and the stemness of the cells. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2- yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT), transwell, and sphere-formation assays were performed to detect the proliferation, migration, and self-renewal ability of miR-210-overexpressed MCF-7 cells and MCF-7 spheroid cells with miR-210 knocked down. The target of miR-210 was validated with...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
In Vivo
Immunofluorescence Assay
Tumorigenicity
Microarray Analysis
Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Immunohistochemistry
Transcription Repressor/Corepressor
Three-dimensional

Related Feeds

Cadherins and Catenins

Cadherins (named for "calcium-dependent adhesion") are a type of cell adhesion molecule (CAM) that is important in the formation of adherens junctions to bind cells with each other. Catenins are a family of proteins found in complexes with cadherin cell adhesion molecules of animal cells: alpha-catenin can bind to β-catenin and can also bind actin. β-catenin binds the cytoplasmic domain of some cadherins. Discover the latest research on cadherins and catenins here.

Cell Migration in Cancer and Metastasis

Migration of cancer cells into surrounding tissue and the vasculature is an initial step in tumor metastasis. Discover the latest research on cell migration in cancer and metastasis here.

Cell Migration

Cell migration is involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes such as embryonic development, cancer metastasis, blood vessel formation and remoulding, tissue regeneration, immune surveillance and inflammation. Here is the latest research.