Jun 8, 2012

Update on the development of lurasidone as a treatment for patients with acute schizophrenia

Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Norio Yasui-Furukori

Abstract

Lurasidone is a novel benzisothiazole antipsychotic drug for the treatment of schizophrenia. Of the antipsychotic drugs, lurasidone has the highest affinity for the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(7) receptor. Lurasidone also has high affinities for the dopamine D(2), 5HT(2A), 5-HT(1A) and α(2C) adrenergic receptors. Moreover, lurasidone has low affinities for the α(1) adrenergic, histamine H(1) and muscarinic M(1) receptors. The involvement of 5-HT(7) receptors in cognitive processes has been suggested by both pharmacological and molecular investigations. Chronic treatment with lurasidone increases neurotrophin BDNF mRNA levels in both the hippocampus (ventral and dorsal) and prefrontal cortex under basal conditions or in response to an acute swim stress. Lurasidone may potentiate N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) function through antagonistic action on 5-HT(7) receptors without a direct affinity for NMDARs. These results suggest that lurasidone treatment may be a novel approach for the prevention of the development of cognitive impairment in individuals who are at risk for schizophrenia or related disorders involving cognitive impairment. In clinical trials, treatment with lurasidone was associated with significantly greater e...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Histamine Measurement
Antipsychotic Effect
GBA2 wt Allele
GRIN1
Prefrontal Cortex
Schizophrenia
Serotonin
Recombinant Brain-Derived Growth Factors
Receptors, Tryptamine
Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Measurement

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