Updated assessment and current classification of spinal meningeal cysts.

Journal of Neurosurgery
M W NaborsH V Rizzoli


The classification of spinal meningeal cysts (MC's) in the literature is indistinct, confusing, and in certain categories histologically misleading. Based on a series of 22 cases, the authors propose a classification comprising three categories: spinal extradural MC's without spinal nerve root fibers (Type I); spinal extradural MC's with spinal nerve root fibers (Type II); and spinal intradural MC's (Type III). Although water-soluble myelography may disclose a filling defect for all three categories, computerized tomographic myelography (CTM) is essential to reveal communication between the cyst and the subarachnoid space. Communication demonstrated by CTM allows accurate diagnosis of a spinal MC and rules out other mass lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging appears useful as an initial study to identify an intraspinal cystic mass. Final characterization is based on operative inspection and histological examination for all three categories.


Jun 1, 1979·Journal of Neurosurgery·B AarabiD M Long
Mar 1, 1977·Journal of Steroid Biochemistry·M E Hunt, T G Muldoon
Jan 1, 1977·Acta neurochirurgica·H J Gelmers, K G Go
Jan 1, 1977·Acta neurochirurgica·F JensenS Troelsen
Jan 1, 1985·Acta neurochirurgica·F LesoinH Petit
Oct 17, 1970·Lancet·J L Plewes, I Jacobson
Dec 1, 1974·Journal of Neurosurgery·J J Palmer
Jun 1, 1974·Journal of Neurosurgery·P A LakeR L Scanlan
Apr 1, 1966·The British Journal of Radiology·P Teng, C Papatheodorou
Dec 1, 1969·Journal of Neurosurgery·L BasauriA Bardales
Feb 1, 1970·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·I A Raja, J Hankinson
Aug 1, 1970·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·R A Joseph, T McKenzie
Dec 1, 1970·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·I M Tarlov
May 1, 1968·Journal of Neurosurgery·R M Bergland
Feb 1, 1969·The American Journal of Roentgenology, Radium Therapy, and Nuclear Medicine·I S Young, A J Bruwer
Nov 1, 1966·Journal of Neurosurgery·F E Glasauer
Jan 1, 1984·Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery·K S SwamyG N Reddy
Mar 1, 1984·Journal of Neurosurgery·R SpiegelmannA Sahar
Dec 1, 1982·Journal of Neurosurgery·C McCrum, B Williams
Feb 1, 1981·Neurosurgery·S S RengacharyH Price
Apr 1, 1980·Annals of Neurology·J F SchwartzJ C Hoffman
Feb 1, 1954·Radiology·L G JACOBSP S VAN HORN
Apr 1, 1954·Radiology·K J STRULLY, S HEISER
Nov 1, 1955·The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume·P H SCHURR
Jan 1, 1956·Journal of Neurosurgery·W B SEAMAN, L T FURLOW
Jul 21, 1956·Journal of the American Medical Association·K J STRULLY
Oct 1, 1958·A.M.A. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry·G W SMITH, M CHAVEZ
Jan 1, 1959·Journal of Neurosurgery·B A REXED, K G WENNSTROM
Jun 1, 1959·Neurology·G R NUGENTB WOODHALL
Mar 1, 1960·Archives of Neurology·P TENG, N RUDNER
Jun 1, 1963·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·P GORTVAI
Jun 1, 1963·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·H M DASTUR
Sep 1, 1964·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·S HOLT, P O YATES
Mar 1, 1955·Journal of Neurosurgery·H M CUENO
Jul 1, 1955·Journal of Neurosurgery·B L WISE, J J FOSTER
Sep 1, 1951·Journal of Neurosurgery·F SCHREIBER, B HADDAD
Jul 1, 1952·A.M.A. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry·I M TARLOV
Aug 1, 1939·Annals of Surgery·J F Robertson, C P Graham
May 1, 1949·Journal of Neurosurgery·H G DECKER, K E LIVINGSTON
May 1, 1949·Journal of Neurosurgery·H HAMLINJ B GOLDEN
Nov 6, 1948·Journal of the American Medical Association·I M TARLOV
Nov 1, 1948·Radiology·V W ARCHERC V CIMMINO

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Jan 1, 1991·Neuroradiology·J L DietemannF Buchheit
Sep 1, 1993·Italian Journal of Neurological Sciences·M MascalchiC A Pagni
May 9, 2012·Child's Nervous System : ChNS : Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery·Ho-Young ParkWhan Eoh
Mar 8, 2005·Journal of Neurology·P N ShamsG T Plant
Feb 14, 2006·European Spine Journal : Official Publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society·Mustafa Kemal HamamciogluSebahattin Cobanoglu
May 17, 2011·European Spine Journal : Official Publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society·Fatih BayrakliSerdar Ozgen
Feb 16, 2008·Journal of Orthopaedic Science : Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association·Yasuaki ImajoToshihiko Taguchi
Feb 13, 2013·Neurological Sciences : Official Journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology·D MarinoA Federico
Oct 1, 1995·Surgical Neurology·C RaftopoulosJ Brotchi
Feb 20, 1993·Lancet·E Van de Kelft, M Van Vyve
Jan 1, 1989·Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery·L StellaF Maiuri
Jul 10, 2007·Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery·Martin J SchmidtMartin Kramer
Nov 1, 1992·Clinical Radiology·W C Peh, N S Evans
Jul 17, 2003·Surgical Neurology·Alfredo Quinones-HinojosaWilliam S Rosenberg
Sep 1, 1999·Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery·C H KimN K Kim
Jan 6, 2000·Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery·R L PrevoJ van de Stadt
Mar 7, 2002·Journal of Clinical Anesthesia·Robert R GaiserSteven G Imbesi
Aug 7, 2002·Spine·Yair I SafrielHarish S Jhaveri
Dec 7, 2002·Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques·Kemal YucesoyEmin Alici
Apr 8, 2003·Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques·Akihiko TakeuchiKatsuji Shimizu
Feb 3, 2005·Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques·Andrew John LangdownNicholas C Birch
May 4, 2011·JAAPA : Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants·Kristin O'Brien, Eddy Garrido
Sep 1, 1994·Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry·J Hardman, G Neil-Dwyer
Jul 7, 2012·PloS One·Jianqiang XuWenzhong Luan
Aug 13, 2013·PloS One·Franciszek BurdanElżbieta Starosławska
Apr 5, 2005·Internal Medicine·Yoichi HoshinoYasushi Togo
Jun 9, 2001·Neurologia Medico-chirurgica·K UemuraT Nose
Jul 19, 2001·Neurologia Medico-chirurgica·S HatashitaH Ueno
Sep 27, 2007·Neurologia Medico-chirurgica·Rinsei TeiYasuo Hironaka
May 24, 2008·Neurologia Medico-chirurgica·Mustafa Kemal HamamciogluSebahattin Cobanoglu
Aug 23, 2008·Neurologia Medico-chirurgica·Aiki MarushimaAkira Matsumura
Aug 27, 2009·Neurologia Medico-chirurgica·Satoshi TsutsumiMasanori Ito

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Methods Mentioned

scanning electron microscopy
Scanning electron photomicrograph
light microscopy

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Related Papers

Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
I M Tarlov
European Spine Journal : Official Publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society
U KunzH Waldbaur
© 2022 Meta ULC. All rights reserved