Uremic serum inhibits monocyte-dependent, but not interleukin-2-dependent steps of T cell proliferation

Nephron
H DumannH Köhler

Abstract

We examined the influence of uremic serum on antigen receptor triggered T cell proliferation in dialysis patients with impaired immune function, i.e., 12 nonresponders to hepatitis B vaccination. The dialysis patients showed a monocyte dysfunction and an increased responsiveness to interleukin 2 (IL-2) according to our previous findings. In vitro the addition of IL-2 completely reconstituted the defect. Uremic serum inhibited monocyte-dependent T cell proliferation of patients and of healthy controls. Contrary, monocyte-independent steps of T cell proliferation were not impaired by uremic serum. When IL-2 was added to cultures, the T cell proliferation in the presence of uremic serum was even enhanced. We conclude that uremic immunodeficiency may be enhanced by soluble factors present in uremic serum which inhibit monocyte-dependent steps of T cell proliferation.

Citations

Aug 23, 2001·International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents·M Kozioł-MontewkaM Majdan
Oct 1, 1992·European Journal of Clinical Investigation·Z RamićM L Lukić
Sep 1, 1996·Kidney International·Y Le MeurV Praloran
Mar 25, 2006·Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis : Official Peer-reviewed Journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy·Terumi HiguchiKoichi Matsumoto

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Epigenetics Insights from Twin Studies

Find the latest research on epigenetics and twin studies here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.