Sep 1, 1992

Urinary arginine vasopressin excretion and hyponatremia in the sick neonates

American Journal of Perinatology
T KojimaY Kobayashi

Abstract

We attempted to clarify the renal physiologic response to arginine vasopressin (AVP) in the 12 sick neonates: three with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), three with meconium aspiration syndrome, two with transient tachypnea of the newborn, two with neonatal asphyxia, and two low birthweight infants during the first 2 days of life. Plasma atrial natriuretic factor (ANF), urinary AVP, osmolality, free water clearance and creatinine clearance (Ccr) were measured at 8 to 16 hours of life (stage 1) and 24 to 32 hours of life (stage 2). Urinary AVP was expressed as the ratio of AVP to Ccr (urine AVP/Ccr). These subjects were divided into two groups: group A represented five infants with a urine AVP/Ccr ratio of 2000 or higher and group B, seven infants with a ratio of less than 2000 at stage 1. Hyponatremia occurred in two infants of group A at stage 2. Number of infants on mechanical ventilation was four in group A and one in group B. There were no significant differences in gestational age, birthweight, Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes, blood gas pH and mean arterial blood pressure between groups A and B. A good correlation was observed between logarithm of urine AVP/Ccr ratio and urinary osmolality (p < 0.01). A negative correl...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Argipressin Tannate
Cockayne Syndrome
Atrial Natriuretic Factor Precursors
Hyponatremia
Meconium Aspiration Syndrome
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn
Kidney
Transitory Tachypnea of Newborn
Sodium
Asphyxia

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