US demographic trends in mid-arm circumference and recommended blood pressure cuffs: 1988-2002

Journal of Human Hypertension
Yechiam OstchegaM McDowell

Abstract

Mid-arm circumference (AC) measurement is a prerequisite for the selection of properly sized blood pressure (BP) cuffs and accurate BP readings. This study examined trends in the frequency distribution of mid-AC and corresponding recommended BP cuff sizes using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III (1988-1994) and NHANES 1999-2002 data. Both surveys used a complex sample design to obtain nationally representative samples of the civilian noninstitutionalized US population. The sample consisted of 7453 men and 8372 women from NHANES III and 4295 men and 4838 women from NHANES 1999-2002. Mean mid-AC (cm) and associated American Heart Association-defined cuff sizes were assessed. Variables were analysed by gender, age, race/ethnicity, and by hypertension or diabetic co-morbidity. Mid-AC increased significantly between surveys for all age groups; the greatest increase in mid-AC occurred in the 20-39 year age group. Data from NHANES 1992-2002 show that among nonHispanic white and nonHispanic black men aged 20-59 years, the mean mid-AC was >34 cm. Among NHB women aged 40 years and above, the mean mid-AC was greater than or equal to 34 cm. In all, 42% of all men and 26% of all women aged 40-59 years required lar...Continue Reading

References

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Citations

Aug 22, 2008·Hypertension Research : Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension·José A Pio-MagalhãesWilson Nadruz
Jun 4, 2013·American Journal of Hypertension·Jean-Jacques MouradJean-Philippe Baguet
Aug 24, 2010·Hypertension in Pregnancy : Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy·Jennifer L HoganMichael J Turner
Jun 24, 2015·Journal of the American Society of Hypertension : JASH·Jennifer RingroseRaj Padwal
Nov 9, 2015·Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health·Cheryl A Smith-MillerCass T Miller
Dec 18, 2010·American Journal of Hypertension·Yechiam OstchegaGeorge Zipf
Jun 22, 2018·Journal of Hypertension·Paolo PalatiniFrancesca Saladini
Oct 31, 2006·Oncogene·K De BosscherG Haegeman
Dec 18, 2018·Journal of Epidemiology·Katsuyasu KoudaToshimasa Nishiyama
Dec 6, 2008·American Journal of Hypertension·Tamra E MeyerEric Boerwinkle
Jan 27, 2012·Journal of Hypertension·Paolo PalatiniFrancesca Saladini
Dec 2, 2010·Journal of Hypertension·Eoin O'Brien
Jun 5, 2007·Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P·Edna Apparecida Moura ArcuriJair Lício Ferreira Santos

Related Concepts

Anthropometry
Upper Arm
Blood Pressure Determination
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

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