US demographic trends in mid-arm circumference and recommended blood pressure cuffs: 1988-2002

Journal of Human Hypertension
Yechiam OstchegaM McDowell


Mid-arm circumference (AC) measurement is a prerequisite for the selection of properly sized blood pressure (BP) cuffs and accurate BP readings. This study examined trends in the frequency distribution of mid-AC and corresponding recommended BP cuff sizes using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III (1988-1994) and NHANES 1999-2002 data. Both surveys used a complex sample design to obtain nationally representative samples of the civilian noninstitutionalized US population. The sample consisted of 7453 men and 8372 women from NHANES III and 4295 men and 4838 women from NHANES 1999-2002. Mean mid-AC (cm) and associated American Heart Association-defined cuff sizes were assessed. Variables were analysed by gender, age, race/ethnicity, and by hypertension or diabetic co-morbidity. Mid-AC increased significantly between surveys for all age groups; the greatest increase in mid-AC occurred in the 20-39 year age group. Data from NHANES 1992-2002 show that among nonHispanic white and nonHispanic black men aged 20-59 years, the mean mid-AC was >34 cm. Among NHB women aged 40 years and above, the mean mid-AC was greater than or equal to 34 cm. In all, 42% of all men and 26% of all women aged 40-59 years required lar...Continue Reading


Oct 1, 1992·Journal of Hypertension·O Gomez-MarinL Råstam
Aug 1, 1989·Journal of Hypertension·A E RussellJ P Chalmers
Nov 1, 1993·Clinical Physiology·M StoltL Hansson
Nov 1, 1993·Circulation·D PerloffB Z Morgenstern
Jul 1, 1997·Journal of Human Hypertension·C BakxT Thien
Jul 29, 2000·Blood Pressure Monitoring·B S Alpert
Jan 5, 2002·American Journal of Preventive Medicine·Linda S GeissMichael M Engelgau
Oct 9, 2002·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·K M FlegalClifford L Johnson
Feb 25, 2003·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·Daniel W JonesClaude Lenfant
Jul 10, 2003·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·Ihab M Hajjar, Theodore A Kotchen
Jun 17, 2004·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·Allison A HedleyK M Flegal


Aug 22, 2008·Hypertension Research : Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension·José A Pio-MagalhãesWilson Nadruz
Jun 4, 2013·American Journal of Hypertension·Jean-Jacques MouradJean-Philippe Baguet
Aug 24, 2010·Hypertension in Pregnancy : Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy·Jennifer L HoganMichael J Turner
Jun 24, 2015·Journal of the American Society of Hypertension : JASH·Jennifer RingroseRaj Padwal
Nov 9, 2015·Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health·Cheryl A Smith-MillerCass T Miller
Dec 18, 2010·American Journal of Hypertension·Yechiam OstchegaGeorge Zipf
Jun 22, 2018·Journal of Hypertension·Paolo PalatiniFrancesca Saladini
Oct 31, 2006·Oncogene·K De BosscherG Haegeman
Dec 18, 2018·Journal of Epidemiology·Katsuyasu KoudaToshimasa Nishiyama
Dec 6, 2008·American Journal of Hypertension·Tamra E MeyerEric Boerwinkle
Jan 27, 2012·Journal of Hypertension·Paolo PalatiniFrancesca Saladini
Dec 2, 2010·Journal of Hypertension·Eoin O'Brien
Jun 5, 2007·Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P·Edna Apparecida Moura ArcuriJair Lício Ferreira Santos

Related Concepts

Upper Arm
Blood Pressure Determination
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.