Use of a production region model to assess the efficacy of various air filtration systems for preventing airborne transmission of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae: results from a 2-year study

Virus Research
S A DeeJ Deen

Abstract

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M hyo) are economically significant pathogens of pigs that can be spread between herds via the airborne route. As area/regional control and eradication programs for these pathogens move forward, it becomes critical to understand conditions associated with airborne transport and to develop strategies to reduce this risk. While MERV 16-based air filtration is a potential intervention, it is costly and has only been evaluated against PRRSV. Therefore, it is important to test current and alternative filtration strategies against multiple pathogens to enhance their application in the field. To address this issue, we used a production region model to evaluate meteorological risk factors associated with the presence of each pathogen in air as well as the ability of mechanical and antimicrobial filters to protect susceptible populations against PRRSV and M hyo. In summary, conditions common to both pathogens included cool temperatures, the presence of PRRSV or M hyo in source population air and wind direction. PRRSV-positive air days were also characterized by low sunlight levels, winds of low velocity in conjunction with gusts and rising humidity...Continue Reading

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Citations

Sep 10, 2011·International Journal of Biometeorology·Joaquim SegalésMarina Sibila
Jun 6, 2013·Preventive Veterinary Medicine·Carmen AlonsoWilliam F Lazarus
Mar 1, 2012·Transboundary and Emerging Diseases·R R R Rowland, R B Morrison
Jan 10, 2012·Transboundary and Emerging Diseases·M TorremorellM Gramer
Jul 23, 2013·Preventive Veterinary Medicine·Carmen AlonsoPeter R Davies
Sep 7, 2016·Zoonoses and Public Health·J H LeiblerE K Silbergeld
Mar 9, 2019·Frontiers in Public Health·Samira MubarekaCaroline Duchaine
Dec 6, 2020·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Charles F Dillon, Michael B Dillon
Jan 6, 2021·Porcine Health Management·Laura Valeria AlarcónEnric Mateu

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