May 14, 2005

Use of an inspiratory impedance threshold device on a facemask and endotracheal tube to reduce intrathoracic pressures during the decompression phase of active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation

Critical Care Medicine
Patrick PlaisanceDidier Payen

Abstract

Use of an inspiratory impedance threshold device (ITD) significantly increases coronary perfusion pressures and survival in patients ventilated with an endotracheal tube (ETT) during active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We tested the hypothesis that the ITD could lower intratracheal pressures when attached to either a facemask or ETT. An active and sham ITD were randomly applied first to a facemask and then to an ETT during active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation in 13 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients in a randomized, double-blinded, prospective clinical trial. The compression-to-bag-valve ventilation ratio was 15:2. Airway pressures (surrogate for intrathoracic pressure) were measured with a pressure transducer. A sham and an active ITD were used for 1 min each in a randomized order, first on a facemask and then on an ETT. Statistical analyses were made using Friedman's and Wilcoxon's rank-sum tests. For the primary end point, mean +/- sd maximum negative intrathoracic pressures (mm Hg) during the decompression phase of cardiopulmonary resuscitation were -1.0 +/- 0.73 mm Hg with a sham vs. -4.6 +/- 3.7 mm Hg with an active ITD on the facemask (p = .003) and -1.3 +/- 1.3 ...Continue Reading

  • References13
  • Citations30

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Masks
Salicylhydroxamic acid
Electric Impedance
Emergency Care
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Intubation, Intratracheal
Cardiopulmonary
Heart
Ventilation, Function (Observable Entity)
Respiration

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