PMID: 6188774Jan 1, 1983

Use of isolated chromaffin cells to study basic release mechanisms

Journal of the Autonomic Nervous System
B G LivettM H Lindenbaum

Abstract

An account is given of the authors' work with isolated adrenal chromaffin cells to study the synthesis, storage and release of catecholamines and of a number of neuropeptides endogenous to the adrenal medulla. A review of other studies in the literature with the isolated chromaffin cell system is included. It is seen that the isolated chromaffin cells are a convenient in vitro system well-suited to studies of basic release mechanisms. The isolated adrenal chromaffin cells maintain high levels of catecholamines and opiates and release them by exocytosis. The cells have both nicotinic and muscarinic receptors but only the nicotinic are involved in the agonist-evoked release of catecholamines (EC50 nicotine 5 X 10(-6) M: ACh 5 X 10(-5) M). The cells can synthesize AChE and selectively release the 10S molecular form by a mechanism different from exocytosis. Substance P (SP) modulates the secretion of catecholamines and ATP evoked by ACh or nicotine but not that evoked by K+ or veratridine. SP appears to interact with the nicotinic receptor-ionophore complex to regulate Na+ entry. SP receptors on the chromaffin cells show similar structural requirements to SP receptors in other SP responsive tissues. Binding studies on isolated chro...Continue Reading

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Acetylthiocholinesterase
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