Aug 10, 2011

Use of monocyte/endothelial cell co-cultures (in vitro) and a subcutaneous implant mouse model (in vivo) to evaluate a degradable polar hydrophobic ionic polyurethane

Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Sarah M McDonaldRosalind S Labow


Potential benefits of co-culturing monocytes (MC) with vascular smooth muscle cells have been reported on for tissue engineering applications with a degradable, polar, hydrophobic, and ionic polyurethane (D-PHI). Since the interaction of MC and endothelial cells (EC) within the blood vessel endothelium is also a process of wound repair it was of interest to investigate their function when cultured on the synthetic D-PHI materials, prior to considering the materials' use in vascular engineering. The co-culture (MC/EC) in vitro studies were carried out on films in 96 well plates and porous scaffold disks were prepared for implant studies in an in vivo subcutaneous mouse model. After 7 days in culture, the MC/EC condition was equal to EC growth but had lower esterase activity (a measure of degradative potential), no pro-inflammatory TNF-α and a relatively high anti-inflammatory IL-10 release while the ECs maintained their functional marker CD31. After explantation of the porous scaffolds, a live/dead stain showed that the cells infiltrating the scaffolds were viable and histological stains (May-Grunwald, Trichrome) demonstrated tissue in growth and extracellular matrix synthesis. Lysates from the implant scaffolds analyzed with a ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Mice, Inbred BALB C
Coculture Techniques
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Blood Vessel
Interleukin-10 Binding Activity
Western Blot
Endothelium, Vascular
Interleukin-6 Binding Activity

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