Use of neuromuscular blockers and neostigmine for general anesthesia and its association with neuraxial blockade: A retrospective study

Medicine
Filipe Nadir Caparica SantosVanessa Henriques Carvalho

Abstract

This research aimed to assess the use of neuromuscular blockers (NMB) and its reversal, associated or not with neuraxial blockade, after general anesthesia.This retrospective study analyzed 1295 patients that underwent surgery with general anesthesia at Prof. Dr. José Aristodemo Pinotti Hospital in 2013. The study included patients aged >1 year, with complete, readable medical charts and anesthetic records.Rocuronium (ROC) was the most used NMB (96.7%), with an initial dose of 0.60 (0.52-0.74) mg/kg and total dose of 0.38 (0.27-0.53) mg/kg/h. In 24.3% of the cases, neuraxial blockade was associated with a significantly longer anesthesia (P < .001) than in cases without neuraxial block, regardless of technique (total intravenous (TIV) vs intravenous and inhalational (IV+IN)). In 71.9% of the cases, a single dose of NMB was used. Patients under TIV general anesthesia associated with neuraxial blockade had a lower total dose of ROC (mg/kg/h) in comparison with TIV GA alone (0.30 (0.23-0.39) and 0.42 (0.30-0.56) mg/kg/h, respectively, P < .001). The same was observed for patients under IV+IN GA (0.32 (0.23-0.41) and 0.43 (0.31-0.56) mg/kg/h, respectively, P < .001). The duration of anesthesia was longer according to increasing numb...Continue Reading

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