Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of incident myocardial infarction and heart failure, and all-cause mortality in the Australian veteran community

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Arduino A MangoniKathleen M Knights

Abstract

We studied the association between either non-selective NSAIDs (ns-NSAIDs), selective COX-2 inhibitors, or any NSAID and risk of incident myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure (HF), and all-cause mortality in elderly subjects. We conducted a retrospective nested case-control study on Australian veterans using nationwide hospital admission and pharmacy dispensing data. We estimated adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the risk of events for three different measures of prescription supply exposure over the last 2 years: (i) supplied at least once, (ii) supply frequency: supplied more than twice within the last 30 days, once or twice within the last 30 days, and once or more 30 days to 2 years and (iii) total supplies. We identified 83 623 cases and 1 662 099 matched controls (1:20) contributing 3 862 931 persons-years of observation. NSAID use at least once within the last 2 years did not significantly affect the risk of MI (OR 1.00, 95% CI 0.96, 1.04) but was associated with a mildly reduced risk of HF (OR 0.95, 95% CI 0.92, 0.98). There was a reduced all-cause mortality with at least one supply of either ns-NSAIDs (OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.90, 0.97), selective COX-2 inhibitors (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.88, ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Analgesics, Anti-Inflammatory
Cause of Death
Myocardial Failure
Myocardial Infarction
Retrospective Studies
Veterans
Logistic Regression
Nested Case-Control Studies
Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal

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