Aug 12, 1998

Use of rapid-deployment extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for the resuscitation of pediatric patients with heart disease after cardiac arrest

The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Brian W DuncanR A Jonas


We have recently used extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as a means of rapidly resuscitating pediatric patients with heart disease after cardiopulmonary arrest, in whom conventional resuscitation measures have failed. We developed a fully portable extracorporeal membrane oxygenation circuit that is maintained vacuum and carbon dioxide-primed at all times. When needed, the circuit is crystalloid-primed and can be ready for use within 15 minutes. Since February 1996, we have used this rapid-deployment circuit to resuscitate 11 pediatric patients in full cardiopulmonary arrest. The median age of the 11 patients was 120 days (2 days to 4.6 years). Nine patients had a cardiac arrest after cardiac surgery. One patient had a cardiac arrest during cardiac catheterization and one patient had a cardiac arrest before cardiac surgery. Median duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation was 55 minutes (range 20 to 103 minutes), with no difference in the duration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation between survivors and nonsurvivors. Ten of 11 patients (91%) were weaned from extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and seven (64%) survived to hospital discharge. Six patients are long-term survivors, five of whom are in New York Heart Association class...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Alveolar Ventilation Function
Cell Respiration
Discipline of Heart Surgery
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Cardiac Catheterization Procedures
Cardiac Surgery Procedures
Congenital Heart Defects
Long-Term Survivors
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

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