Mar 7, 2009

Use of stroke secondary prevention services: are there disparities in care?

Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Joseph S RossDawn M Bravata

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine whether there are disparities in use of stroke secondary prevention services because disparities in stroke outcomes have been found among older adults, women, racial minorities, and within Stroke Belt states. Using the nationally-representative 2005 Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System, we examined self-reported use of 11 stroke secondary prevention services queried in the survey. We used multivariable logistic regression to examine the association between service use and age, sex, race, and Stroke Belt state residence, controlling for other socio-demographic and health care access characteristics. Among 11 862 adults with a history of stroke, 16% were 80 or older, 54% were women, 13% were non-Hispanic black, and 23% lived within a Stroke Belt state. Overall service use varied: 31% reported poststroke outpatient rehabilitation, 57% regular exercise, 66% smoking cessation counseling, and 91% current use of antihypertensive medications. Age 80 or older was not associated with lower use of any of the 11 services. Women were less likely to report poststroke outpatient rehabilitation and regular exercise when compared with men (probability values <or=0.005); there were no sex-based differ...Continue Reading

  • References17
  • Citations12

Mentioned in this Paper

Prevalence Studies
Health Status
Platelet Inhibitors
Acute Cerebrovascular Accidents
Zorprin
Human Geography
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Health Care Systems
Antihypertensive Agents
Polyvalent pneumococcal vaccine

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