Mar 1, 1976

Use of the mouse jumping test for estimating antagonistic potencies of morphine antagonists

The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
A Cowan

Abstract

The potencies of 19 reference morphine antagonists have been compared in a modified version of the mouse jumping test. Mice were each implanted subcutaneously with one 75 mg pellet of morphine. Antagonist challenge took place 72 h later and the incidence of repetitive vertical-jumping was monitored over 1 h. A high Pearson correlation coefficient (r = 0.997) was found between quantitative assays based on the total number of jumps per mouse and quantal assays based on mice jumping at least 6 times. A comparison of relative potencies obtained with the mouse test and with non-withdrawn morphine-dependent monkeys gave a Spearman rank order coefficient of 0.91 while a similar comparison with values obtained with the guinea-pig isolated ileum preparation also gave a high correlation coefficient (r= 0.92). Whereas it is difficult to assess the antagonistic component of buprenorphine and cyclorphan with the ileum preparation, both compounds can be satisfactorily assayed in the mouse jumping test. The reported antagonistic properties of ketocyclazocine and profadol could not be confirmed in the mouse model.

  • References7
  • Citations11

Mentioned in this Paper

Behavior, Animal
Pellet Formation
Cavia
Morphine Measurement
Antagonist Muscle Action
Ileum
Profadol
Cercopithecidae
Cyclorphan
Platyrrhini

About this Paper

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