Usefulness of penbutolol for systemic hypertension. Penbutolol Research Group

The American Journal of Cardiology
J A Schoenberger


Dose-response relations with penbutolol--a beta-adrenergic blocking agent--were evaluated in a double-blind multiclinic study conducted in 302 outpatients with mild to moderate hypertension (untreated supine diastolic blood pressure [BP] greater than or equal to 95 and less than or equal to 115 mm Hg). Penbutolol was administered once daily in 10, 20 or 40 mg doses for 6 weeks and compared with placebo. Mean declines from baseline in supine diastolic BP were comparable in the 3 penbutolol treatment groups and significantly superior to placebo (p less than 0.05). A significant difference between penbutolol dosage groups was observed only for supine systolic BP; the mean decline at 20 mg/day was significantly larger than that at 10 mg/day (p less than 0.05). Maximum BP response developed in approximately 4 weeks at 10 mg/day and in 2 weeks at the higher dosages. Decline in mean heart rate after 6 weeks of penbutolol therapy significantly exceeded placebo only at 40 mg/day (7.2 vs 2.5 beats/min, p less than 0.05). Treatment was well-tolerated and discontinued because of adverse effects in only 7 patients receiving penbutolol and 3 receiving placebo. The lack of significant bradycardia and the low incidence of other troublesome adv...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Diastolic Blood Pressure
Double-Blind Method
Drug Administration Schedule
Pulse Rate
Hypertensive Disease
Multicenter Trials

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