Mar 30, 2020

Chidamide decreases c-MET mRNA methylation and in turn increases the sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer to crizotinib

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Frank TechnowDajun Deng

Abstract

IntroductionCrizotinib is a kinase inhibitor targeting c-MET/ALK/ROS1 used as the first-line chemical for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with ALK mutations. Although c-MET is frequently overexpressed in 35-72% of NSCLC, most NSCLCs are primarily resistant to crizotinib treatment. MethodA set of NSCLC cell lines were used to test the effect of chidamide on the crizotinib sensitivity in vitro and in vivo. Relationships between the synergistic effect of chidamide and c-MET expression and RNA methylation were systemically studied with a battery of molecular biological assays. ResultsWe found for the first time that chidamide could increase the crizotinib sensitivity of a set of ALK mutation-free NSCLC cell lines, especially those with high levels of c-MET expression. Notably, chidamide could not increase the crizotinib sensitivity of NSCLC cells cultured in serum-free medium without hepatocyte growth factor (HGF; a c-MET ligand). In contrast, the addition of HGF into the serum-/HGF-free medium could restore the synergistic effect of chidamide. Moreover, the synergistic effect of chidamide could also be abolished either by treatment with c-MET antibody or siRNA-knockdown of c-MET expression. While cells with l...Continue Reading

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