Sep 19, 2012

Using computational and mechanical models to study animal locomotion

Integrative and Comparative Biology
Laura A MillerSilas Alben

Abstract

Recent advances in computational methods have made realistic large-scale simulations of animal locomotion possible. This has resulted in numerous mathematical and computational studies of animal movement through fluids and over substrates with the purpose of better understanding organisms' performance and improving the design of vehicles moving through air and water and on land. This work has also motivated the development of improved numerical methods and modeling techniques for animal locomotion that is characterized by the interactions of fluids, substrates, and structures. Despite the large body of recent work in this area, the application of mathematical and numerical methods to improve our understanding of organisms in the context of their environment and physiology has remained relatively unexplored. Nature has evolved a wide variety of fascinating mechanisms of locomotion that exploit the properties of complex materials and fluids, but only recently are the mathematical, computational, and robotic tools available to rigorously compare the relative advantages and disadvantages of different methods of locomotion in variable environments. Similarly, advances in computational physiology have only recently allowed investigat...Continue Reading

  • References95
  • Citations13

References

Mentioned in this Paper

In Silico
Harpacticoida
Sensorimotor Feedback
Behavior, Animal
Oscillators, Biological
Locomotion
Kinematics
Body Fluids
Muscle
Organism

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