Jun 1, 2009

Using occupancy models to determine mammalian responses to landscape changes

Integrative Zoology
Jeremy M Nicholson, Frank T VAN Manen

Abstract

Determining impacts of anthropogenic landscape changes on wildlife populations is difficult. Besides the challenges of designing field studies to document conditions before and after landscape changes occur, assessment of population responses (e.g. changes in population density) often provide poor inference because of sampling limitations. Estimation of occupancy, however, only requires data on detection or non-detection of a species and might provide better inference. To demonstrate the utility of occupancy models, we used data from an American black bear (Ursus americanus Pallas) population in North Carolina, USA to test our research hypothesis that documented declines in site occupancy of black bears would be greater near a new four-lane highway. We used multi-season occupancy models to estimate site occupancy based on bear visitation to survey sites before and after completion of the new highway and as a function of distance to the highway. Site occupancy declined from 0.81 to 0.35 between the two study phases, but was not a function of distance to the highway. Therefore, the impact of the new highway on occupancy extended to the entire study area. Our case study demonstrates that occupancy models can provide powerful infer...Continue Reading

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References

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Commuting
Behavior, Animal
Animal Migration
Ursus americanus
Seasonal Variation
Economic Growth
Ursus
Two-Parameter Models
Black Bears
Metazoa

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