Interest in the link between Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Anorexia Nervosa (AN) has led to estimates of the prevalence of autistic traits in AN. This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the use of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) or abbreviated version (AQ-10) to examine whether patients with AN have elevated levels of autistic traits. Seven studies were identified and subsequent meta-analysis indicated that those with AN appear to have significant difficulties of a manner characteristic of ASD, relative to controls. Whilst this analysis supports previous indications of higher prevalence of ASD in AN, the aetiology of these traits remains unclear. Studies using more robust clinical measures of ASD within AN are needed to confirm what self-report measures appear to show.
The set-shifting profiles of anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorder using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test: a systematic review and meta-analysis
How anorexia nervosa patients with high and low autistic traits respond to group Cognitive Remediation Therapy
Investigation of Autism Spectrum Disorder and Autistic Traits in an Adolescent Sample with Anorexia Nervosa
Characteristics of autism spectrum disorder in anorexia nervosa: A naturalistic study in an inpatient treatment programme
An examination of the clinical outcomes of adolescents and young adults with broad autism spectrum traits and autism spectrum disorder and anorexia nervosa: A multi centre study
Clinicians' views on working with anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorder comorbidity: a qualitative study
Rigidity and Sensory Sensitivity: Independent Contributions to Selective Eating in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults
Trajectories of autistic social traits in childhood and adolescence and disordered eating behaviours at age 14 years: A UK general population cohort study
The social responsiveness scale is an efficient screening tool for autism spectrum disorder traits in adults with anorexia nervosa
Young Adults with High Autistic-Like Traits Displayed Lower Food Variety and Diet Quality in Childhood
Effectiveness of emotional skills training for patients with anorexia nervosa with autistic symptoms in group and individual format
Systematic Review: Overlap Between Eating, Autism Spectrum, and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Alexithymia may explain the relationship between autistic traits and eating disorder psychopathology
Assessing ASD in Adolescent Females with Anorexia Nervosa using Clinical and Developmental Measures: a Preliminary Investigation
The risk of eating disorders comorbid with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Are socio-emotional and neurocognitive functioning predictors of therapeutic outcomes for adults with anorexia nervosa?
Similarities and Differences in Theory of Mind Responses of Patients With Anorexia Nervosa With and Without Autistic Features
An experimental investigation into the use of eye-contact in social interactions in women in the acute and recovered stages of anorexia nervosa
The Association Between Autistic Traits and Disordered Eating is Moderated by Sex/Gender and Independent of Anxiety and Depression
Are the obsessive-compulsive traits a moderator for the relationship between autism and anorexia? A cross-sectional study among university students
The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): evidence from Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, males and females, scientists and mathematicians
Screening adults for Asperger Syndrome using the AQ: a preliminary study of its diagnostic validity in clinical practice
Autism spectrum disorders: sex differences in autistic behaviour domains and coexisting psychopathology
Symptom overlap between autism spectrum disorder, generalized social anxiety disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder in adults: a preliminary case-controlled study
Factor structure, reliability and criterion validity of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ): a study in Dutch population and patient groups
Sex differences in cognitive domains and their clinical correlates in higher-functioning autism spectrum disorders
The Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ)-Revised Extended Version (ASSQ-REV): an instrument for better capturing the autism phenotype in girls? A preliminary study involving 191 clinical cases and community controls
The beliefs and knowledge of patients newly diagnosed with cancer in a UK ethnically diverse population
Sex differences in autism spectrum disorder: evidence from a large sample of children and adolescents
The sociocommunicative deficit subgroup in anorexia nervosa: autism spectrum disorders and neurocognition in a community-based, longitudinal study
Poor cognitive flexibility in eating disorders: examining the evidence using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task
Toward brief “Red Flags” for autism screening: The Short Autism Spectrum Quotient and the Short Quantitative Checklist for Autism in toddlers in 1,000 cases and 3,000 controls [corrected
Low social interactions in eating disorder patients in childhood and adulthood: a multi-centre European case control study
The SWedish Eating Assessment for Autism spectrum disorders (SWEAA)-Validation of a self-report questionnaire targeting eating disturbances within the autism spectrum
The incidence of eating disorders in the UK in 2000-2009: findings from the General Practice Research Database
A multi-centre cohort study of short term outcomes of hospital treatment for anorexia nervosa in the UK
Autism spectrum disorder is associated with challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, and often accompanied by sensory sensitivities and medical issues. Here is the latest research.
Autism: Treatment Targets
The absence of effective treatments for autism are due to the high clinical and genetic heterogeneity between affected individuals, restricted knowledge of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms, and the lack of reliable diagnostic biomarkers. Identification of more homogenous biological subgroups is therefore essential for the development of novel treatments based on the molecular mechanisms underpinning autism and autism spectrum disorders. Find the latest research on autism treatment targets here.
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a psychiatric condition characterized by severe weight loss and secondary problems associated with malnutrition. Here is the latest research on AN.