Apr 1, 2020

Exchange of a single amino acid residue in the cryptophyte phycobiliprotein lyase GtCPES expands its substrate specificity

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
N. TomazicNicole Frankenberg-Dinkel


Cryptophyte algae are among the few eukaryotes that employ phycobiliproteins (PBP) for light harvesting during oxygenic photosynthesis. In contrast to the cyanobacterial PBP that are organized in large membrane-associated super complexes, the phycobilisomes, those from cryptophytes are soluble within the chloroplast thylakoid lumen. Their light-harvesting capacity is due to covalent linkage of several open-chain tetrapyrrole chromophores (phycobilins). Guillardia theta utilizes the PBP phycoerythrin PE545 with 15,16-dihydrobiliverdin (DHBV) in addition to phycoerythrobilin (PEB) as chromophores. Thus far, the assembly of cryptophyte PBPs is not yet completely understood but involves the action of PBP-lyases as shown for cyanobacterial PBP. PBP-lyases facilitate the attachment of the chromophore in the right configuration and stereochemistry. Here we present the functional characterization of eukaryotic S-type PBP lyase GtCPES from G. theta. We show GtCPES mediated transfer and covalent attachment of PEB to the conserved Cys82 of the acceptor PBP {beta}-subunit (PmCpeB) of Prochlorococcus marinus MED4. Based on the previously solved crystal structure, the GtCPES binding pocket was investigated using site-directed mutagenesis. Th...Continue Reading

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