Utility of quantitative susceptibility mapping and diffusion kurtosis imaging in the diagnosis of early Parkinson's disease.

NeuroImage. Clinical
Samantha TanLing Ling Chan

Abstract

To investigate the utility of quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) and diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) as complementary tools in characterizing pathological changes in the deep grey nuclei in early Parkinson's disease (PD) and their clinical correlates to aid in diagnosis of PD. Patients with a diagnosis of PD made within a year and age-matched healthy controls were recruited. All participants underwent clinical evaluation using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS III) and Hoehn & Yahr stage (H&Y), and brain 3 T MRI including QSM and DKI. Regions-of-interest (ROIs) in the caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus, and medial and lateral substantia nigra (SN) were manually drawn to compare the mean susceptibility (representing iron deposition) and DKI indices (representing restricted water diffusion) between PD patients and healthy controls and in correlation with MDS-UPDRS III and H&Y, focusing on susceptibility value, mean diffusivity (MD) and mean kurtosis (MK). There were forty-seven PD patients (aged 68.7 years, 51% male, disease duration 0.78 years) and 16 healthy controls (aged 67.4 years, 63% male). Susceptibility value was increased in PD in all ROIs except the caudate, and was significantly di...Continue Reading

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