Apr 16, 2011

Utility of the ventricular fibrillation waveform to predict a return of spontaneous circulation and distinguish acute from post myocardial infarction or normal Swine in ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest

Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Julia H IndikKarl B Kern

Abstract

In cardiac arrest, the ventricular fibrillation (VF) waveform, particularly amplitude spectral area (AMSA) and slope, predicts the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), but it is unknown whether the predictive utility differs in an acute myocardial infarction (MI), prior MI, or normal myocardium and if the waveform can distinguish the underlying myocardial state. We hypothesized that in a swine model of VF cardiac arrest, AMSA and slope predict ROSC after a shock independent of substrate and distinguish an acute from nonacute MI state. MI was induced by occlusion of the left anterior descending artery. Post MI swine recovered for a 2-week period before induction of VF. VF was untreated for 8 minutes in 10 acute MI, 10 post MI, and 10 control swine. AMSA and slope predicted ROSC after a shock independent of myocardial state. For AMSA >31 mV-Hz, the odds ratio was 62 (P≤0.001) compared with AMSA <19 mV-Hz. For slope >3.1 mV/s, odds ratio was 52 (P≤0.001) compared with slope <1.8 mV/s. With chest compressions, AMSA and slope were significantly lower for acute MI swine compared with control swine, whereas in post MI swine the waveform characteristics were similar to control swine. In particular, for an AMSA >33.5 mV-Hz, the sen...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
Amsacrine
Myocardium
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Myocardial Infarction
Acute Disease
Differential Diagnosis
Cardiomyopathies
Anterior Thoracic Region
Entire Anterior Descending Branch of Left Coronary Artery

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