Utilization of seawater-urea as a culture medium for Spirulina maxima

Canadian Journal of Microbiology
O FaucherA Leduy


The possibilities of utilization of seawater enriched with ureas as the culture medium for a blue-green alga, Spirulina maxima, were investigated. Pretreatment by precipitation with NaHCO3 and (or) Na2CO3 was found essential to remove the excess amounts of Ca2+ and Mg2+ present in seawater prior to cultivation. A culture medium as good as the synthetic medium reported in the literature for the growth of S. maxima was obtained after treating seawater with NaHCO3 (19.2 g/L) at pH 9.2 and 35 degrees C for 2 h, filtering to remove precipitates, and enriching with K2HPO4 (0.5 g/L), NaNO3 (3.0 g/L), and FeSO4 (0.01 g/L). The same results were obtained by substituting a small amount (0.2 g/L or less) of either crystalline or polymerized urea for the NaNO3 in the above medium. Growth of S. maxima was inhibited at higher concentration of urea in the culture medium. The inhibition effect was due to the partial decomposition of urea into ammonia in alkali medium. Tests conducted on the 130-L cultivation open pond also confirmed that the seawater-urea medium supports growth of S. maxima as well as the best known synthetic medium.


Jul 27, 2010·Bioresource Technology·J T Mary LeemaS Karthikayulu
Aug 1, 1982·Biotechnology and Bioengineering·R Samson, A Leduy
Jul 1, 1986·Biotechnology and Bioengineering·R Samson, A LeDuyt
Nov 3, 2015·Journal of Applied Phycology·Masakazu ToyoshimaHiroshi Kawai

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