Utilize of genetic diversity and marker-trait association to improve drought tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

ResearchSquare
Mohamed I GhazyAhmed Sallam

Abstract

Drought stress in one of the main problems for rice crop as it reduces the production and productivity of the grain yield significantly. In Egypt, many restrictions were made on the cultivation of rice due to its high water demand. Producing promising drought-tolerant rice cultivars in a combination with high yielding is one of the main targets for rice breeders. To address this challenge, a set of 22 highly diverse rice genotypes were evaluated under normal and drought conditions. Morphological, physiological, yield traits were recorded on each genotype. Drought susceptibility index (DSI) was estimated for six yield traits to identify the most drought-tolerant rice genotypes. High genetic variation was found among genotypes tested in the experiment. Under normal conditions, the highest phenotypic correlation was found between grain yield (GY) and sterility percentage (SP) (- 0.73**), while, it was among GY and chlorophyll content (CC) (0.82**) under drought conditions. To identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) controlling yielding traits under drought and normal, single marker analysis was performed between all yield traits under both condition and a set of 106 simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker alleles. The genetic associati...Continue Reading

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