Vaccine Hesitancy Among Pediatric Nurses: Prevalence and Associated Factors

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Usue Elizondo-AlzolaElia Diez

Abstract

Background. Immunization rates of immuno-preventable diseases have declined in recent decades due to vaccine hesitancy. Primary care nurses play an essential role in promoting and maintaining vaccination coverage but may have doubts about or question the need to vaccinate. This study describes the prevalence of vaccine hesitancy and the associated factors among pediatric primary care nurses in Barcelona (Spain).Methods. Cross-sectional descriptive study. We invited the pediatric nurses (N = 165) working at all the Barcelona public primary health services (N = 41) to participate. They answered a questionnaire with sociodemographic and behavioral variables: severity and probability of contracting the diseases in the vaccination schedule; safety and protection of each vaccine; and beliefs, social norms, and knowledge about vaccines. Outcome variable was vaccine hesitancy, dichotomized into no hesitant (nurses who would vaccinate their own offspring), and hesitant (including those who would not vaccinate them, those who had doubts and those who would delay the administration of one or more vaccines).We performed bivariate analysis and adjusted logistic regression models.Results. 83% of pediatric nurses (N = 137) agreed to participa...Continue Reading

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