To systematically review the evidence about maternal and neonatal outcomes relating to vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). Relevant studies were identified from multiple searches of MEDLINE, DARE, and the Cochrane databases (1980 to September 2009) and from recent systematic reviews, reference lists, reviews, editorials, Web sites, and experts. Inclusion criteria limited studies to the English-language and human studies conducted in the United States and developed countries specifically evaluating birth after previous cesarean delivery. Studies focusing on high-risk maternal or neonatal conditions, including breech vaginal delivery, or fewer than 10 patients were excluded. Poor-quality studies were not included in analyses. We identified 3,134 citations and reviewed 963 articles for inclusion; 203 articles met the inclusion criteria and were quality rated. Overall rates of maternal harms were low for both trial of labor and elective repeat cesarean delivery. Although rare in both elective repeat cesarean delivery and trial of labor, maternal mortality was significantly increased for elective repeat cesarean delivery at 0.013% compared with 0.004% for trial of labor. The rates of maternal hysterectomy, hemorrhage, and transfusi...Continue Reading
Vaginal birth after cesarean: a comparison of maternal and neonatal morbidity to elective repeat cesarean section
The management of labor in women with more than one uterine scar: is a repeat cesarean section really the only "safe" option?
Elective repeat cesarean delivery versus trial of labor: a meta-analysis of the literature from 1989 to 1999
Mode of delivery for the morbidly obese with prior cesarean delivery: vaginal versus repeat cesarean section
Risk of perinatal death associated with labor after previous cesarean delivery in uncomplicated term pregnancies
Maternal and neonatal morbidity after elective repeat Cesarean delivery versus a trial of labor after previous Cesarean delivery in a community teaching hospital
Comparison of maternal mortality and morbidity between trial of labor and elective cesarean section among women with previous cesarean delivery
Systems for grading the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations I: critical appraisal of existing approaches The GRADE Working Group
Prior cesarean delivery is not associated with an increased risk of stillbirth in a subsequent pregnancy: analysis of U.S. perinatal mortality data, 1995-1997
Risk of uterine rupture with a trial of labor in women with multiple and single prior cesarean delivery
Trial of labor or repeat cesarean delivery in women with morbid obesity and previous cesarean delivery
Is vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) or elective repeat cesarean safer in women with a prior vaginal delivery?
Effect of gestational age at the prior cesarean delivery on maternal morbidity in subsequent VBAC attempt
AHRQ series paper 5: grading the strength of a body of evidence when comparing medical interventions--agency for healthcare research and quality and the effective health-care program
Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital: Case 34-2012: a 27-year-old woman in Ethiopia with severe pain, bleeding, and shock during labor
Cesarean and VBAC rates among immigrant vs. native-born women: a retrospective observational study from Taiwan Cesarean delivery and VBAC among immigrant women in Taiwan
Trends in the distribution of gestational age and contribution of planned births in New South Wales, Australia
Outcomes of induction of labour in women with previous caesarean delivery: a retrospective cohort study using a population database
Severe maternal and perinatal outcomes from uterine rupture among women at term with a trial of labor
Providers' perspectives on the vaginal birth after cesarean guidelines in Florida, United States: a qualitative study
Development and validation of a national data registry for midwife-led births: the Midwives Alliance of North America Statistics Project 2.0 dataset
Safety of low-dose prostaglandin E2 induction in grandmultiparous women with previous cesarean delivery
Is manual palpation of the uterine scar following vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) helpful?
Maternal and newborn outcomes after a prior cesarean birth by planned mode of delivery and history of prior vaginal birth in British Columbia: a retrospective cohort study
Improving the organisation of maternal health service delivery and optimising childbirth by increasing vaginal birth after caesarean section through enhanced women-centred care (OptiBIRTH trial): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (ISRCTN10612254)
Provider-Initiated Late Preterm Births in Brazil: Differences between Public and Private Health Services
Stage of labor at admission among Ugandan women with a prior cesarean, and its impact on management and delivery outcomes
The International Network of Obstetric Survey Systems study of uterine rupture: a descriptive multi-country population-based study
Does standardization of care through clinical guidelines improve outcomes and reduce medical liability?
Elective cesarean delivery at term and the long-term risk for endocrine and metabolic morbidity of the offspring
Women's decision-making processes and the influences on their mode of birth following a previous caesarean section in Taiwan: a qualitative study
A Study to Assess the Feasibility of Implementing a Web-Based Decision Aid for Birth after Cesarean to Increase Opportunities for Shared Decision Making in Ethnically Diverse Settings
Bridging the gap between mothers and medicine: "new insights" from the NIH Consensus Conference on VBAC
Uterine rupture with placental extrusion during the third stage of labour after an apparently uneventful delivery
A rare presentation of uterine rupture - the risk of sequential labour induction with prostaglandins and oxytocin
Women's Preferences Regarding the Processes and Outcomes of Trial of Labor After Cesarean and Elective Repeat Cesarean Delivery
Supporting healthy and normal physiologic childbirth: a consensus statement by the American College of Nurse-Midwives, Midwives Alliance of North America, and the National Association of Certified Professional Midwives
Impact of obesity class on trial of labor after cesarean success: does pre-pregnancy or at-delivery obesity status matter?
The International Network of Obstetric Survey Systems (INOSS): benefits of multi-country studies of severe and uncommon maternal morbidities
Outcomes of care for 16,924 planned home births in the United States: the Midwives Alliance of North America Statistics Project, 2004 to 2009
Labor progression of women attempting vaginal birth after previous cesarean delivery with or without epidural analgesia
Developing an Internet-Based Decision Aid for Women Choosing Between Vaginal Birth After Cesarean and Planned Repeat Cesarean
Do Women Have a Choice? Care Providers' and Decision Makers' Perspectives on Barriers to Access of Health Services for Birth after a Previous Cesarean
Comparison of the lower uterine segment in pregnant women with and without previous cesarean section in 3 T MRI
Rationalisation of the caesarean section rate in a tertiary referral hospital using the Robson classification
Women's Perceptions of Barriers and Facilitators to Vaginal Birth After Cesarean in the United States: An Integrative Review
The effect of labour pain in caesarean delivery on neonatal and maternal outcomes in a term low-risk obstetric population
Single- versus double-layer closure of the hysterotomy incision during cesarean delivery and risk of uterine rupture
Predicting successful intended vaginal delivery after previous caesarean section: external validation of two predictive models in a Dutch nationwide registration-based cohort with a high intended vaginal delivery rate
Planned Home VBAC in the United States, 2004-2009: Outcomes, Maternity Care Practices, and Implications for Shared Decision Making
Does maternity care decision-making conform to shared decision- making standards for repeat cesarean and labor induction after suspected macrosomia?
Evaluating Facility-Based Decision-Making in Women with a Prior Cesarean Delivery and Association with Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes
Examination of the association of physical activity during pregnancy after cesarean delivery and vaginal birth among Chinese women
Estimating success of vaginal birth after caesarean section in a regional Australian population: Validation of a prediction model
OptiBIRTH: a cluster randomised trial of a complex intervention to increase vaginal birth after caesarean section
Vaginal birth after cesarean in German out-of-hospital settings: maternal and neonatal outcomes of women with their second child
Concordance of maternal and paternal decision-making and its effect on choice for vaginal birth after caesarean section
Validation of data in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway on delivery after a previous cesarean section
A cluster-randomized trial to reduce major perinatal morbidity among women with one prior cesarean delivery in Québec (PRISMA trial): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Worth the Weight? Recent Trends in Obstetric Practices, Gestational Age, and Birth Weight in the United States
Medical and non-medical reasons for cesarean section delivery in Egypt: a hospital-based retrospective study
Factors obstetricians, family physicians and midwives consider when counselling women about a trial of labour after caesarean and planned repeat caesarean: a qualitative descriptive study
Understanding Factors Leading to Primary Cesarean Section and Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Delivery in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region (North-Eastern Italy), 2005-2015
The Failure Rate, Related Factors, and Neonate Complications of Vaginal Delivery after Cesarean Section
Neonatal outcome after trial of labor or elective cesarean section in relation to the indication for the previous cesarean delivery
Association between surgical technique, adhesions and morbidity in women with repeat caesarean section: a retrospective study in a rural hospital in Western Tanzania
Perinatal Outcomes with Longer Second Stage of Labor: A Risk Analysis Comparing Expectant Management to Operative Intervention
Establishment of an antepartum predictive scoring model to identify candidates for vaginal birth after cesarean
Implementation of machine learning models for the prediction of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery
Urinary bladder injury during cesarean delivery: risk factors and the role of retrograde bladder filling
When Consent Does Not Help: Challenges to Women's Access to a Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Section and the Limitations of the Informed Consent Doctrine
Birth choices after caesarean in Taiwan: A mixed methods pilot study of a decision aid for shared decision making.
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