Vaginal infections in a Family Health Clinic in the Metropolitan Region, Chile

Revista chilena de infectología : órgano oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Rodrigo VillasecaM Angélica Martínez

Abstract

Vaginal infections are a frequent cause for consultation, but their prevalence and etiology vary in different populations. To determine the prevalence and etiologies of vaginal infection in women attending a family health center in the Metropolitan Region of Chile. The microbiological diagnosis was made by wet mount and Gram stain. Diagnosis of trichomoniasis was performed by wet mount, culture and polymerase chain reaction. 101 women aged 15-54, not selected by signs or symptoms of vaginal infection, 46 of them pregnant were included. In 47 women (46.5%), vaginal infections were diagnosed. An association was observed between age and frequency of vaginal infection. The proportion of infections among pregnant and non-pregnant women was similar. The most frequent infections were bacterial vaginosis (16.8%), vulvovaginal candidiasis (11.9%) and co-infections (6.9%). We found 5.9% of intermediate microbiota cases, 3% of trichomoniasis and 2% of aerobic vaginitis. Symptoms of vaginal infection had poor agreement with microbiological findings. Otherwise physical signs had good agreement with the presence of infection, but low to moderate concordance with a specific etiology. We found a high prevalence of vaginal infections in the stu...Continue Reading

Citations

Jan 27, 2016·European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases : Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology·P Vieira-BaptistaG G Donders

Related Concepts

Consultation
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Pregnant Women
Trichomonas Infections
Woman
Bacterial Vaginosis
Microbiology Procedure
Bacterial Stain, Routine
Coinfection
Infective Vaginitis

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