PMID: 10517648Oct 12, 1999Paper

Validation of a noninvasive measure of local myocardial repolarization in a conscious human model: adaptation of repolarization to changes in rate

Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
S D LeeD Newman


A commercial pacemaker sensor measure of the unipolar endocardial stimulus to T wave interval may accurately reflect changes in the monophasic action potential duration at 90% repolarization (APD90). This sensor system was used to study the kinetics of adaptation of repolarization duration to changes in heart rate in humans. Patients were studied using an external pacemaker capable of displaying all stimulus to T wave intervals for each paced beat. Right ventricular stimulation was delivered via the pacemaker and compared simultaneously to APD90. Steady-state pacing was simulated by 60 seconds of pacing at cycle lengths (CLs) 350 to 700 msec. Adaptation to a new ventricular rate was analyzed with a sudden 200-msec decrease in CL. The relation between repolarization measure and steady-state CL (n = 16) was linear with a slope of 0.16 and 0.19 for APD90 and stimulus to T wave interval, respectively (P = NS). The adaptation of both repolarization measures to a sudden change in rate were best modeled by a biexponential function. Stimulus to T wave interval exhibited a parallel course to APD90, and an analysis of normalized differences between APD90 and stimulus to T wave interval followed an approximately normal distribution, with ...Continue Reading


May 1, 1991·Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases·M R Franz
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