Validation of modified estimated glomerular filtration rate in chronic kidney disease patients

Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
Ghulam Murtaza ShaikhMujahid Khalid Ali

Abstract

To derive the ethnic factor and validate the modified estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) by Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients of Rawalpindi. Cross- sectional study. Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP), Rawalpindi, from July 2011 to July 2012. A total of 140 patients with CKD reporting to AFIP for GFR measurement by 99mTechnetium diethylenethiaminepenta-acetic acid (99mTc-DTPA) renal scan were consecutively inducted. Serum creatinine was measured by the Jaffe's assay on Beckman DxC 600 Analyzer prior to the renal scan. Ethnic factor for population of Rawalpindi with CKD was derived for the MDRD eGFR equation using 99mTc-DTPA renal scan by Gates method as the reference method. MDRD equation was modified by inclusion of the ethnic factor in it. Agreement between the reference GFR (rGFR) and the modified MDRD eGFR (mGFR) was assessed by applying paired samples t-test. Out of 140 patients of CKD, 99 (71%) were males and 41 (29%) females, with mean age of 55 ± 13.42 years. The mean values were 32.91 ± 14.96, 34.89 ± 16.45, 0.971 ± 0.20 and 33.87 ± 15.97 for rGFR, original eGFR, ethnic factor and mGFR respectively. The mGFR with new ethnic factor of 0.971 sh...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Prevalence Studies
Diet
Chronic Kidney Insufficiency
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Activity
Technetium Tc 99m Pentetate
Soluble ErbB-1
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Radiopharmaceuticals
Pentetic Acid

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.