Variability in the Analgesic Response to Ibuprofen Following Third-Molar Extraction is Associated with Differences in Activation of the Cyclooxygenase Pathway

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Katherine N ThekenJohn T Farrar

Abstract

The analgesic efficacy of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has long been recognized to be limited by substantial interindividual variability in pain relief, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. We performed pain phenotyping, functional neuroimaging, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic assessments, inflammation biomarkers, and gene expression profiling in healthy subjects who underwent surgical extraction of bony impacted third molars, in order to characterize factors associated with heterogeneity in response to ibuprofen. Subjects were treated with rapid-acting ibuprofen (400 mg; N=19) or placebo (N=10) in a randomized, double-blind design. Compared to placebo, ibuprofen-treated subjects exhibited greater reduction in pain scores, alterations in regional cerebral blood flow in brain regions associated with pain processing, and inhibition of ex vivo cyclooxygenase activity and urinary prostaglandin metabolite excretion as indices of biochemical drug action (p<0.05). As expected, Ibuprofen-treated subjects could be stratified into partial responders (N=9, required rescue medication within the dosing interval) and complete responders (N=10, no rescue medication). This was also reflected by differences i...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Biological Markers
Double-Blind Method
Gene Expression
Genes
Ibuprofen
Inflammation
Molar Tooth
Drug Kinetics
Randomization
Tooth Extraction

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