PMID: 21158208Dec 17, 2010Paper

Variable associations of Klinefelter syndrome in children

Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism : JPEM
Inas MazenHala T El-Bassyouni

Abstract

KF is characterized by heterogeneity in the degree of expressed phenotypes. to ascertain the variable phenotypes of Klinefelter syndrome in children. We present eight klinefelter patients, their age ranged from 2 to 11 years (mean 6.63). Subjects were meticulously examined for evidence of dysmorphology. Intelligence quotient was estimated. Cytogenetic analysis revealed 47,XXY karyotype in all patients. The following was detected: Dysmorphism in 5/8, micropenis in 4/8, the left testis was nonpalpable in 4/8, short stature in 4/8, congenital cardiac malformations in 4/8, seizures in 4/8, mental retardation in 5/8, growth hormone deficiency in 2/8, hypothyroidism and delayed bone age in 1/8. Our study demonstrated a variable association of mental retardation, dysmorphism, micropenis, undescended testis, seizures, congenital heart defects, and growth hormone deficiency among Egyptian patients with Klinefelter syndrome. This merits further study to facilitate earlier diagnosis and better management to improve their quality of life.

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