Variance and covariance estimates for resistance to bacterial cold water disease and columnaris disease in two rainbow trout breeding populations1

Journal of Animal Science
Rafael M O SilvaTimothy D Leeds

Abstract

Family-based selective breeding can be an effective strategy for controlling diseases in aquaculture. This study aimed to estimate (co)variance components for resistance to bacterial cold water disease (BCWD) and columnaris disease (CD) in two unrelated rainbow trout nucleus breeding populations: the USDA, ARS, National Center for Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture odd-year line (ARS-Fp-R), which has been subjected to five generations of selection for improved resistance to BCWD, and the Troutlodge, Inc., May-spawning odd-year line (TLUM), which has been selected for improved growth performance but not for disease resistance. A total of 46,805 and 27,821 pedigree records were available from both populations, respectively. Between 44 and 138 families per generation and population were evaluated under controlled BCWD and CD challenges, providing 32,311 and 17,861 phenotypic records for BCWD resistance, and 13,603 and 9,413 for CD resistance, in the ARS-Fp-R and TLUM populations, respectively. A two-trait animal threshold model assuming an underlying normal distribution for the binary survival phenotypes was used to estimate (co)variance components separately for each population. Resistance to BCWD (h2 = 0.27 ± 0.04 and 0.43 ± 0.08) ...Continue Reading

References

Dec 5, 2003·Journal of Fish Diseases·A NematollahiF Haesebrouck
Feb 16, 2010·Journal of Animal Science·T D LeedsG D Wiens
Apr 27, 2013·Veterinary Research·Annelies Maria DeclercqAnnemie Decostere

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