PMID: 1854983Mar 1, 1991Paper

Variceal injection sclerotherapy

Baillière's Clinical Gastroenterology
T SauerbruchH Ansari

Abstract

With the development and widespread use of flexible endoscopes, injection sclerotherapy of oesophageal varices has advanced beyond the early stages. Although slightly different techniques and different sclerosants are used, the results are not strikingly different. The cumulative rate of adverse effects is in the range of 20 to 40%, with a procedure-related mortality of around 1 to 2%. Sclerotherapy is the best available treatment for haemostasis of acute oesophageal variceal bleeding. However, as a long-term therapy it is less effective in the prevention of recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding events, since obliteration of all varices often takes several months. Furthermore, extra-oesophageal bleeding is not amenable to sclerotherapy. Thus, if repeated injections fail to prevent recurrent bleeding, other options such as shunt surgery, transection, chronic medical portal decompression with beta-blockers or even liver transplantation should be considered according to the needs of the individual patient. Prophylaxis of first variceal haemorrhage was beneficial in selected patients with a high bleeding risk. It cannot, however, be generally recommended at present.

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Citations

Sep 1, 1992·Baillière's Clinical Gastroenterology·G KleberT Sauerbruch
Jun 3, 2004·Gastrointestinal Endoscopy·Mazen Ibrahim NagaHazem Hossam El-din

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