PMID: 2328Sep 1, 1975

Various properties of the creatine transport system and the location of creatine kinase in skeletal muscle mitochondria

T I Lipskaia, V G Goloveshkina


Water and creatine contents were studied in rat skeletal muscle mitochondria after their 5 min. incubation in creatine solutions, pH 7.2 or 8.4. The content of water and creatine in mitochondria was found to be higher at pH 8.4, than at pH 72, the creatine content correlated with the water content. Structural creatine analogues, containing aminogroups with pKa greater than or equal to 9.5 or carboxyl groups, inhibited the infusion of creatine into mitochondria more strongly than substances having aminogroups with pKa less than 5. The penetrating form is creatine amphiion; the effect of pH on the permeability is probably due to the activation of the creatine transmitter. Rat skeletal muscle mitochondria contain creatine kinase at both sides of the inner membrane. This conclusion is based on the fact that under conditions, supplying the direct course of the creatine kinase reaction (the incubation medium contains Ca2+ and creatine; pH 7.8), ADP produces the stimulation of mitochondrial respiration up to the oxygen exhausting in a polarographic unit. Similarly, ADP irreversibly stimulates mitochondrial respiration in the presence of 1 mM EDTA, if EDTA and ADP are added after the preincubation of mitochondria in creatine-containing...Continue Reading

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