Vein of Galen malformation in a neonate: A case report and review of endovascular management

World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Surasak PuvabanditsinDavid Sorrentino

Abstract

Vein of Galen malformation (VOGM) is a rare congenital vascular malformation caused by the maldevelopment of its embryonic precursor, the median prosencephalic vein of Markowski. VOGM results in neonatal morbidity and mortality, and premature delivery does not improve the outcome. We report a term female neonate in whom a vein of Galen malformation was diagnosed prenatally at 37 wk of gestation during a growth ultrasound and confirmed by fetal magnetic resonance imaging. Signs of cardiac decompensation were evident in the fetus. Multiple interventional radiology embolizations of the feeding vessels were performed successfully on days 7, 10, 12, 14 and 19. A review of the literature on the endovascular management of neonates with these malformations is presented herein.

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Citations

Sep 7, 2019·The Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine : the Official Journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians·Caterina SpadaLorenzo Iughetti
Jul 2, 2020·Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology·Damienne Vande BergDana Dumitriu

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