PMID: 42339Nov 1, 1979

Vein of the vestibular aqueduct

The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
A Mazzoni


The vein of the vestibular aqueduct (VVA) was investigated in a series of 40 human temporal bones. The processing included vascular injection with a colored medium, decalcification and cutting in serial, thick sections, which were put in a clear fluid and studied with a stereo-microscope. The labyrinthine roots of the VVA are the single veins of the ampulla and simple limbs of the semicircular canals and of the posterior wall of the utricle. They drain the rich capillary bed of the simple endolymphatic walls of the canals and the utricle, as well as a small peripheral area of the cristae and the utricular macula. The VVA leaves the vestibule through an individual bone canal running parallel to the vestibular aqueduct up to the dura of the posterior side of the petrosa in the area of the endolymphatic sac. It then opens in the inferior petrosal sinus or the jugular bulb. The vein receives other branches from the bone, dura and sac. Correct information on the course of this vein appears to be lacking in contemporary textbooks and articles, although it has been correctly described since the last century.


Jan 1, 1996·Acta Oto-laryngologica·R S KimuraJ Hutta
May 1, 1996·Acta Oto-laryngologica·B Jansson, Helge Rask-Andersen
May 19, 2009·Early Human Development·Jordi AlastrueyDaniel D Rubens
Jan 6, 2007·The Laryngoscope·Morten Friis, Klaus Qvortrup
Dec 19, 2002·Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America·I SandoBarry E Hirsch
Dec 23, 2014·Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications·Takenori MiyashitaJanos Peti-Peterdi
Mar 27, 2002·The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology·Ulla Friberg, Helge Rask-Andersen
Jan 18, 2008·Otology & Neurotology : Official Publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology·Morten FriisKlaus Qvortrup
Jun 4, 2008·Otology & Neurotology : Official Publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology·Andres Makarem, Fred H Linthicum
Oct 21, 2010·Acta Oto-laryngologica·Jesper Marsner HansenMorten Friis
Feb 1, 1983·Otolaryngology--head and Neck Surgery : Official Journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery·R Gussen
Jul 1, 1985·The Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology. Supplement·M Ikeda, I Sando


Dec 1, 1972·Archives of Otolaryngology·S S Yuen, H F Schuknecht
Feb 1, 1972·The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology·A Mazzoni
Dec 1, 1971·The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology·Y Ogura, J D Clemis
Jul 1, 1971·Acta Radiologica: Diagnosis·S Brünner, C B Pedersen
Apr 1, 1970·The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology·C C Hansen
Jun 1, 1969·Archives of Otolaryngology·G E ShambaughI K Arenberg
Jan 1, 1969·Practica Oto-rhino-laryngologica·G Zechner, F Altmann
Aug 1, 1969·The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology·A Mazzoni

Related Concepts

Entire Vein
Acoustic Maculae
Blood Vessel
Plant bulb
Limb Structure
Structure of Prostatic Utricle
Body Parts - Canal
Decalcification Procedure (List Separately in Addition to Code for Surgical Pathology Examination)
Dura Mater

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.