PMID: 1545594Mar 1, 1992

Venous complications after insertion of a transvenous pacemaker

Mayo Clinic Proceedings
P C Spittell, D L Hayes


We reviewed the incidence, clinical features, current diagnostic evaluations, and treatments of venous complications that can occur after implantation of a transvenous pacemaker. Of the approximately 80 published articles on the potential venous complications after implantation of a permanent transvenous pacemaker, we selected 63 that addressed the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of pacemaker lead-induced venous thrombosis, which occurs in approximately 30 to 45% of patients early or late after implantation of a transvenous pacemaker. Most patients with chronic deep venous thrombosis remain asymptomatic because of the development of an adequate venous collateral circulation. Clinical features of pacemaker lead-induced deep venous thrombosis, although rare, are easily recognized. They should be sought routinely during follow-up of all patients with transvenous pacemaker leads because venous obstruction can interfere with intravenously administered therapy, monitoring of central venous pressure, and revision of a pacemaker lead. Acute deep venous thrombosis is likely to be symptomatic. Early recognition and treatment of acute deep venous thrombosis may help to decrease the potential morbidity and mortality. The defini...Continue Reading


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