Venous complications after insertion of a transvenous pacemaker
We reviewed the incidence, clinical features, current diagnostic evaluations, and treatments of venous complications that can occur after implantation of a transvenous pacemaker. Of the approximately 80 published articles on the potential venous complications after implantation of a permanent transvenous pacemaker, we selected 63 that addressed the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of pacemaker lead-induced venous thrombosis, which occurs in approximately 30 to 45% of patients early or late after implantation of a transvenous pacemaker. Most patients with chronic deep venous thrombosis remain asymptomatic because of the development of an adequate venous collateral circulation. Clinical features of pacemaker lead-induced deep venous thrombosis, although rare, are easily recognized. They should be sought routinely during follow-up of all patients with transvenous pacemaker leads because venous obstruction can interfere with intravenously administered therapy, monitoring of central venous pressure, and revision of a pacemaker lead. Acute deep venous thrombosis is likely to be symptomatic. Early recognition and treatment of acute deep venous thrombosis may help to decrease the potential morbidity and mortality. The defini...Continue Reading
Radiology of cardiac pacemakers and their complications with three cases of superior vena caval obstruction
Thrombosis complicating transvenous pacemaker lead presenting as contralateral internal jugular vein occlusion
Symptomatic upper extremity venous thrombosis associated with permanent transvenous pacemaker electrodes
Subclavian vein anatomic subtypes defined by digital cinefluroscopic venography prior to permanent pacemaker lead insertion
Diagnosis of Abnormal Subclavian Venous Flow by Radionuclide Venography in Patients with Permanent Pacemaker
Superior vena cava and innominate vein dimensions in growing children : an aid for interventional devices and transvenous leads
Re-evaluation of transvenous lead extraction with modified standard technique: a prospective study in 229 patients
Laser lead extraction to facilitate cardiac implantable electronic device upgrade and revision in the presence of central venous obstruction
The Dotter retriever and pigtail catheter: efficacy in extraction of chronic transvenous pacemaker leads
Venous access thrombosis detected by transcutaneous vascular ultrasound in patients with single-polyurethane-lead permanent pacemaker
Long-term outcome of patients with multiple (> or = 3) noninfected transvenous leads: a clinical and echocardiographic study
Extraction of cardiac rhythm devices: indications, techniques and outcomes for the removal of pacemaker and defibrillator leads
Successful treatment by balloon venoplasty and stent insertion of obstruction of the superior vena cava by an endocardial pacemaker lead
The first three-dimensional visualization of a thrombus in transit trapped between the leads of a permanent dual-chamber pacemaker: a case report
Complications following placement or extraction of endovascular pacemaker and defibrillator leads--cardiothoracic surgical intervention: case reports
Central venous stenosis associated with pacemaker leads: short-term results of endovascular interventions
ICD Leads Extraction and Clearing of Access Way in a Patient With Superior Vena Cava Syndrome: Building A Tunnel
Mobile thrombus on cardiac implantable electronic device leads of patients undergoing cardiac ablation: incidence, management, and outcomes
Prevalence of venous anatomic variants and occlusion among patients undergoing implantation of transvenous leads
Central venous occlusion is not an obstacle to device upgrade with the assistance of laser extraction
Prevention of venous thrombosis by warfarin after permanent transvenous leads implantation in high-risk patients
Massive arm edema following arteriovenous dialysis shunt creation in a patient with ipsilateral permanent pacemaker
Transesophageal echocardiography in the diagnosis of thrombosis associated with permanent transvenous pacemaker electrodes
Generator pocket adhesions of cardiac leads: classification and correlation with transvenous lead extraction results
Subclavian venoplasty may reduce implant times and implant failures in the era of increasing device upgrades
Prevalence of asymptomatic upper extremity venous obstruction in 302 patients undergoing first implantation of cardioverter defibrillator
Managing superior vena cava syndrome as a complication of pacemaker implantation: a pooled analysis of clinical practice
Thromboembolic events during the perioperative period in patients undergoing permanent pacemaker implantation
Percutaneous pacemaker lead extraction and stent implantation for superior vena cava occlusion due to pacemaker leads
Multiple pacing lead-induced superior vena cava syndrome: successful treatment by balloon angioplasty
Age, size, and lead factors alone do not predict venous obstruction in children and young adults with transvenous lead systems
An electrical plasma surgery tool for device replacement--retrospective evaluation of complications and economic evaluation of costs and resource use
Stenosis of the superior limb of the systemic venous baffle following a Mustard procedure: an under-recognized problem
An unusual case of multiple right atrial thrombi in a patient with a dual-chamber pacemaker--a case report
Ultrasound accelerated catheter directed thrombolysis for pulmonary embolus and right heart thrombus secondary to transvenous pacing wires
Successful implantation of a Micra leadless pacemaker via collateral femoral vein and inferior vena cava filter
Mobile thrombus on device leads in patients undergoing ablation: identification, incidence, location, and association with increased pulmonary artery systolic pressure
Economic assessment of traditional surgical intervention versus use of a new innovative radiofrequency based surgical system in device replacements
Application of interventional procedures adapted for device implantation: new opportunities for device implanters
Upper extremity deep venous thrombosis and stenosis after implantation of pacemakers and defibrillators; A prospective study
Intraluminal superior vena cava metastasis from adenosquamous carcinoma of the duodenum: A case report
Predictors of venous obstruction following pacemaker or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation: a contrast venographic study on 100 patients admitted for generator change, lead revision, or device upgrade
Central vein stenosis or occlusion associated with cardiac rhythm management device leads in hemodialysis patients with ipsilateral arteriovenous access: a retrospective study of treatment using stents or stent-grafts
Are Endovascular Interventions for Central Vein Obstructions due to Cardiac Implanted Electronic Devices Effective?
Endovascular treatments of tunneled central venous catheter-induced superior vena cava complete occlusion via through-and-through technique.
Percutaneous management of superior vena cava syndrome in patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices.
Paclitaxel coated balloon fibroplasty: A more effective treatment for chronic symptomatic lead/catheter related central venous obstruction?
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