Ventilation and gas exchange during exercise in sickle cell anemia

The American Review of Respiratory Disease
P PianosiA L Coates

Abstract

Adults with sickle cell anemia (SCA) have restrictive lung impairment, increased alveolar dead space, and hypoxemia. These factors, together with increased anaerobic metabolism, are thought to cause exercise hyperventilation. To assess the role of each of these in children, 34 patients with SCA and 16 control subjects performed pulmonary function and exercise tests. Twenty-eight patients with SCA had spirometric values and lung volumes, and all but two patients with SCA had arterial saturation greater than 91% during exercise. Despite a low VO2max (30.07 +/- 6.55 ml/min/kg), the ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) in the patients occurred at a similar %VO2max as in the control subjects (69 +/- 9% versus 63 +/- 12%). The slope of the delta VE/delta VCO2 relationship for sub-VAT work was steeper in the patients (29.4 +/- 6.5 versus 24.7 +/- 5.2, p = 0.01), and the ventilatory equivalent for CO2 (VE/VCO2) in steady-state exercise was greater in the patients than in the control subjects (33.2 +/- 3.5 versus 30.8 +/- 3.5, p = 0.03). End-tidal PCO2 did not differ (38.3 +/- 3.0 versus 39.2 +/- 3.1), indicating equivalent alveolar ventilation. The patients had a higher dead space:tidal volume ratio (VD/VT) than did the control subjec...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Anemia, Sickle Cell
Pulse Rate
Hemoglobin SS
Oxygen Consumption
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Respiration
Respiratory Function Tests
Anaerobic Threshold
Exercise, Isometric

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