PMID: 7800432Sep 1, 1994Paper

Ventilation-perfusion relationships in preterm infants after surfactant treatment

Pediatric Pulmonology
W BowenP A Auld


Arterial-alveolar partial pressure differences for oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitrogen were measured before and after surfactant replacement therapy on 15 occasions in 14 ventilator-dependent preterm infants with hyaline membrane disease (HMD). Eight treatments resulted in a significant improvement in arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) 2 hr after treatment; 7 did not. Neither group showed any significant change in arterial-alveolar partial pressure differences for oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide. This observation suggests that if surfactant replacement therapy produces an improvement in PaO2 it does so by recruitment of atelectatic alveoli with a balanced ventilation/perfusion ratio rather than by redistribution of ventilation within already ventilated alveoli.


Jan 1, 1975·Journal of Applied Physiology·A CorbetL Stern
Feb 1, 1978·Archives of Disease in Childhood·W L HolmanP A Auld
Jan 1, 1985·Clinical Physiology·C FrostellR Cronestrand
Feb 1, 1973·Pediatric Research·C A ToriP A Auld
Jan 1, 1974·Journal of Applied Physiology·A CorbetL Stern
May 1, 1969·Pediatric Research·A N Krauss, P A Auld
Dec 1, 1967·The Journal of Pediatrics·D W ThibeaultP A Auld
Jan 1, 1963·Journal of Applied Physiology·L E FARHIT HOMMA


Sep 26, 2001·Clinics in Perinatology·G K Suresh, R F Soll

Related Concepts

Biological Products
Carbon Dioxide
Hyaline Membrane Disease
Pulmonary Alveolar Structure
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Pulmonary Surfactants
Ventilation-Perfusion Ratio

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.