Ventilator modes and settings during non-invasive ventilation: effects on respiratory events and implications for their identification. 2011

Revue des maladies respiratoires
C Rabecle groupe SomnoVNI


Compared with invasive ventilation, non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has two unique characteristics: its non-hermetic nature and the fact that the ventilator-lung assembly cannot be considered as a single-compartment model because of the presence of variable resistance represented by the upper airways. When NIV is initiated, the ventilator settings are determined empirically based on clinical evaluation and blood gas variations. However, NIV is predominantly applied during sleep. Consequently, to assess overnight patient-machine "agreement" and efficacy of ventilation, more specific and sophisticated monitoring is needed. The effectiveness of NIV might therefore be more correctly assessed by sleep studies than by daytime assessment. The simplest monitoring can be done from flow and pressure curves from the mask or the ventilator circuit. Examination of these tracings can give useful information to evaluate if the settings chosen by the operator were the right ones for that patient. However, as NIV allows a large range of ventilatory parameters and settings, it is mandatory to have information about this to better understand patient-ventilator interaction. Ventilatory modality, mode of triggering, pressurization slope, use or not ...Continue Reading


May 1, 1996·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·Veronica F ParreiraDaniel Rodenstein
Dec 1, 1996·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·Veronica F ParreiraDaniel Rodenstein
Jan 28, 1998·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·P AslanianLaurent Brochard
Jun 3, 1999·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·E GiannouliM Younes
Jan 18, 2003·Sleep Medicine Reviews·Mónica M GonzálezDaniel Rodenstein
Nov 9, 2004·Archivos de bronconeumología·C RabecP Camus
Jun 22, 2005·Revue des maladies respiratoires·J-L PépinP Lévy
Jul 5, 2005·The European Respiratory Journal·R FarreJ A Wedzicha
Aug 20, 2005·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·Didier TassauxPhilippe Jolliet
Feb 17, 2006·The European Respiratory Journal·J Gonzalez-BermejoThomas Similowski
Aug 10, 2006·Intensive Care Medicine·Arnaud W ThilleLaurent Brochard

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.