Ventilatory Efficiency in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Disease Markers
Paloma Lopes Francisco ParazziJosé Dirceu Ribeiro

Abstract

The index of ventilatory efficiency (VE/VCO2) obtained by the progressive exercise test has been considered the gold standard in the prognosis of adults with heart failure, but few studies have evaluated this approach in children. To verify the scientific evidence about the VE/VCO2 in pediatric and adolescents patients. A systematic literature review was carried out using the key words VE/VCO2, children, and adolescents using the PEDro and PubMed/MedLine databases. Clinical trials published from 1987 to 2014, including children, adolescents, and young adults up to 25 years, addressing the VE/VCO2 index as a method of evaluation, monitoring, and prognosis were considered. Initially, 95 articles were found; 12 were excluded as the title/abstract did not contain the VE/VCO2 index or because they included patients greater than 25 years of age. From the remaining 83, 58 were repeated between the databases. The final sample consisted of 32 studies including healthy children and children with respiratory and other diseases. There are few studies involving cardiorespiratory assessment by ventilatory efficiency. The studies highlight the fact that high VE/VCO2 values are associated with a worse prognosis of patients due to the relations...Continue Reading

References

Oct 1, 1991·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·G P GrantW M Gersony
Feb 1, 1991·The American Review of Respiratory Disease·P PianosiA L Coates
Feb 1, 1988·The Journal of Pediatrics·R L WashingtonR R Wolfe
Jul 1, 1987·Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica·G P Johannesson, S G Lindahl
Feb 1, 1996·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·D GozalT G Keens
Nov 1, 1996·The European Respiratory Journal·F CeugnietJ Gallego
Apr 30, 1998·European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology·D HabedankF X Kleber
May 19, 1998·Pediatric Research·Y NaganoM Nagashima
Nov 18, 2000·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·H HebestreitA Hebestreit
Jun 8, 2007·Pediatric Exercise Science·Christopher KaufmanDonald R Dengel
Dec 18, 2007·American Heart Journal·Nicole J SuttonJonathan Rhodes
Oct 17, 2008·Journal of Sports Sciences·Laura GuerreroM Dolores Carranza
Aug 18, 2009·International Journal of Sports Medicine·D M PradoS M Villares
Nov 3, 2009·Journal of Cardiac Failure·Jonathan MyersMary Ann Peberdy
Mar 9, 2010·Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia·D M PradoI C Trombetta
Sep 25, 2010·European Journal of Applied Physiology·Robert G McMurray, Kristin S Ondrak
May 10, 2011·Arquivos brasileiros de cardiologia·Guilherme Veiga Guimarães, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho
Oct 1, 2011·Revista Portuguesa De Cardiologia : Orgão Oficial Da Sociedade Portuguesa De Cardiologia = Portuguese Journal of Cardiology : an Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology·Bruno Tereno ValenteRui Ferreira
Jan 14, 2012·Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia : publicaça̋o oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia·Fabíola Meister PereiraJosé Dirceu Ribeiro
Apr 13, 2013·Circulation. Heart Failure·Irene D LytriviTajinder P Singh
Feb 14, 2014·The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery·Sjoerd S M BossersTim Takken
May 23, 2014·Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise·Erik H J HulzebosTim Takken
Aug 28, 2014·Cardiology in Review·Christa MiliaresisMichael Gewitz

Citations

Jul 6, 2019·Pediatric Pulmonology·Asterios KampourasJohn Tsanakas
Jul 31, 2020·Pediatric Pulmonology·Eli RhoadsClement L Ren

Related Concepts

Clinical Trials
Exercise Stress Test
Heart
Heart Failure
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Muscles
Vaginal Examination
Evaluation
Assisted Breathing
PubMed

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.

© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved