Apr 15, 1994

Ventricular enlargement, neuropsychological status, and premorbid function in schizophrenia

Biological Psychiatry
J R DeQuardoL Kim

Abstract

Ventricular enlargement is one of the most consistently documented neurobiological abnormalities in schizophrenia. The timing of the development of this abnormality in the course of schizophrenic illness and its relationship to neuropsychological dysfunction and premorbid adjustment is, however, unclear. To address these questions, we examined the relationship between ventricle-brain ratio (VBR), premorbid adjustment, and neuropsychological function, in 23 acutely exacerbated chronic schizophrenic inpatients. We observed that larger ventricles were associated with better current neuropsychological test performance, better premorbid cognitive ability, greater cognitive deterioration, better childhood premorbid social function, and greater decline in social function from premorbid levels. These data suggest that at least two developmental processes may operate in the genesis of cognitive and social dysfunction in schizophrenia: (1) childhood onset associated with poor premorbid childhood function, low educational achievement, lower intelligence quotient (IQ) and variably with VBR; and (2) adolescent onset associated with relatively normal childhood social function, higher academic achievement and IQ and increased VBR. Ventricular...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Individual Adjustment
Abnormal Degeneration
Schizophrenia
Organic Mental Disorders, Psychotic
Brain
Memory for Designs Test
Intelligence
Teens
Cognition Disorders
Cognitive Function 1, Social

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