Nov 1, 1988

Ventricular response to atrial fibrillation: role of atrioventricular conduction pathways

Journal of the American College of Cardiology
J A KirshSteven Swiryn


Irregularity of the ventricular rhythm is a hallmark of patients with atrial fibrillation, yet the genesis of the irregularity is not yet fully understood. The role of the atrioventricular (AV) node in determining the irregularity of the ventricular response to atrial fibrillation was investigated by comparing the frequency distributions of the atrial (AA) and the ventricular (RR) intervals. Atrial electrograms and surface electrocardiographic leads were recorded during sustained atrial fibrillation in 12 patients with conduction over the AV node. The scaling factor (mean RR interval/mean AA interval) quantified the ability of the conduction pathway to scale the atrial input to a slower ventricular response and ranged from 2.55 to 5.92 (mean +/- SD 3.77 +/- 0.92). The coefficient of variation (SD/mean) measured the relative variability of the AA and RR interval distributions. The atrial and ventricular coefficients of variation were not significantly different (0.20 +/- 0.04 versus 0.21 +/- 0.03, p greater than 0.27). Similar recordings were analyzed in six patients with conduction over a accessory AV pathway. The scaling factor ranged from 1.54 to 2.46 (2.02 +/- 0.39) and, as was the case for patients with conduction over the ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Left Ventricular Structure
Right Atrial Structure
Atrial Fibrillation
Cardiac Conduction System
Structure of Atrioventricular Node
Electrophysiology (Science)
Heart Ventricle

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