Ventriculoatrial shunt infection caused by Staphylococcus warneri: case report and review

Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
D TorreC Zeroli


Staphylococcus warneri, a coagulase-negative species, is a rare cause of infection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunts. In one recently studied case of ventriculoatrial shunt infection, the repeated isolation of S. warneri (i.e., from all of six blood cultures and from a CSF sample obtained directly from the valve of the shunt) suggested that this organism can be clinically significant. Review of the literature clearly indicates that S. warneri is a rare but potentially dangerous pathogen in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts with prosthetic devices. The removal of the infected shunt in association with systemic and local antibiotic administration probably constitutes the treatment of choice in such infections. Further experience is needed to determine the prevalence and the pathogenic significance of S. warneri and of the related organisms Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus in patients with prosthetic devices.


Dec 17, 2009·Child's Nervous System : ChNS : Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery·Juan F Martínez-LageMaría-José Almagro
May 21, 2005·The Journal of Infection·Claudia StöllbergerJosef Finsterer
Apr 26, 2011·Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials·Ferhat ArslanAli Mert
Jun 15, 2013·Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry : RCM·Eliana AlvesAdelaide Almeida
Jan 1, 1992·Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases·D TorreG P Fiori
Oct 22, 2010·The International Journal of Artificial Organs·Davide CampocciaCarla Renata Arciola

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