PMID: 10443738Aug 12, 1999Paper

Ventriculoperitoneal shunt infection after bladder augmentation

Urology
K PintoH N Noe

Abstract

To examine the incidence of postoperative ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections in patients after augmentation cystoplasty. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 21 patients with a ventriculoperitoneal shunt who had bladder augmentation (18 ileal and 3 ileocecal) with attention to the preoperative urine culture, perioperative antibiotics, and the length of time drains were maintained. The abdominal end of all shunts was wrapped in an antibiotic-soaked sponge during the procedure. All patients had at least 1 year of follow-up. Seven patients (33%) had culture proven, preoperative urinary tract infections. All patients received at least 24 hours of preoperative and 48 hours of postoperative antibiotics. No postoperative shunt infections occurred during the study period. The incidence of postoperative ventriculoperitoneal shunt infections after augmentation cystoplasty can be kept low when prophylactic antibiotics and short-term drains are used.

References

Aug 11, 1992·Journal of Pediatric Surgery·T PittmanT Tracy
Feb 1, 1996·The Journal of Urology·G J MatthewsA E Khoury

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Citations

Jan 3, 2012·Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics·John C DalfinoJohn B Waldman
Aug 13, 2011·Journal of Pediatric Urology·Durán VíctorJuan Carlos Lopez
Nov 18, 2008·Asian Journal of Surgery·Yutaka HayashiAtsuyuki Yamataka
Mar 23, 2011·American Journal of Surgery·Emad AllamFrank E Johnson
May 10, 2015·Journal of Pediatric Surgery·Kefu DuPatrick C Cartwright
Dec 26, 2017·SAGE Open Medical Case Reports·Deborah CallananMicam Tullous
May 24, 2001·The Journal of Urology·E B YerkesA J Casale
Aug 23, 2011·The Journal of Urology·Kelly J CaspersonDuncan T Wilcox

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