Versatile, Multivalent Nanobody Cocktails Efficiently Neutralize SARS-CoV-2

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Yufei XiangYi Shi

Abstract

The outbreak of COVID-19 has severely impacted global health and the economy. Cost-effective, highly efficacious therapeutics are urgently needed. Here, we used camelid immunization and proteomics to identify a large repertoire of highly potent neutralizing nanobodies (Nbs) to the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein receptor-binding domain (RBD). We discovered multiple elite Nbs with picomolar to femtomolar affinities that inhibit viral infection at sub-ng/ml concentration, more potent than some of the best human neutralizing antibodies. We determined a crystal structure of such an elite neutralizing Nb in complex with RBD. Structural proteomics and integrative modeling revealed multiple distinct and non-overlapping epitopes and indicated an array of potential neutralization mechanisms. Structural characterization facilitated the bioengineering of novel multivalent Nb constructs into multi-epitope cocktails that achieved ultrahigh neutralization potency (IC50s as low as 0.058 ng/ml) and may prevent mutational escape. These thermostable Nbs can be rapidly produced in bulk from microbes and resist lyophilization, and aerosolization. These promising agents are readily translated into efficient, cost-effective, and convenient therapeutics...Continue Reading

Citations

Methods Mentioned

BETA
ELISA
surface plasmon resonance
size-exclusion chromatography
X-ray
size exclusion chromatography

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