Nov 19, 2019

Vildagliptin, a DPP-4 Inhibitor, Attenuates Endothelial Dysfunction and Atherogenesis in Nondiabetic Apolipoprotein E-Deficient Mice

International Heart Journal
Kunduziayi AiniMasataka Sata

Abstract

Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors are novel antidiabetic agents with possible vascular protection effects. Endothelial dysfunction is an initiation step in atherogenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether vildagliptin (Vilda) attenuates the development of endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerotic lesions in nondiabetic apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE-/-) mice. Eight-week-old nondiabetic ApoE-/- mice fed a Western-type diet received Vilda (50 mg/kg/day) for 20 weeks or 8 weeks. After 20 weeks of treatment, Vilda administration reduced atherogenesis in the aortic arch as determined by en face Sudan IV staining compared with the vehicle group (P < 0.05). Vilda also reduced lipid accumulation (P < 0.05) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression (P < 0.05) and tended to decrease macrophage infiltration (P = 0.05) into atherosclerotic plaques compared with vehicle. After 8 weeks of treatment, endothelium-dependent vascular reactivity was examined. Vilda administration significantly attenuated the impairment of endothelial function in nondiabetic ApoE-/- mice compared with the vehicle group (P < 0.05). Vilda treatment did not alter metabolic parameters, including blood glucose level, in bo...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
DPP4 protein, human
Plaque, Atherosclerotic
Blood Vessel
Diet Type
Inhibitors
Vildagliptin
Administration Procedure
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
Aortic Arch Structure

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