Mar 3, 2019

Vimentin protects the structural integrity of the nucleus and suppresses nuclear damage caused by large deformations

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Alison Elise PattesonP A Janmey


Mammalian cells frequently migrate through tight spaces during normal embryogenesis, wound healing, diapedesis or in pathological situations such as metastasis. The nucleus has recently emerged as an important factor in regulating 3D cell migration. At the onset of migratory behavior, cells often initiate the expression of vimentin, an intermediate filament protein which forms networks extending from a juxtanuclear cage to the cell periphery. However, the role of vimentin intermediate filaments (VIFs) in regulating nuclear shape and mechanics remains unknown. Here, we used wild type and vimentin-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts to show that VIFs regulate nuclear shape, motility, and the ability of cells to resist large deformations. The results show that loss of VIFs alters nuclear shape, reduces perinuclear stiffness, and enhances motility in 3D. These changes increase nuclear rupture and activation of DNA damage repair mechanisms, which are rescued by exogenous re-expression of vimentin. Our findings show that VIFs provide mechanical support to protect the nucleus and genome during migration.

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

DNA Repair
Cell Motility
Regulation of Biological Process
Cell Nucleus
Embryonic Development
Anatomical Space Structure

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Cell Migration

Cell migration is involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes such as embryonic development, cancer metastasis, blood vessel formation and remoulding, tissue regeneration, immune surveillance and inflammation. Here is the latest research.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.