Vincristine overdose in a cat: clinical management, use of calcium folinate, and pathological lesions

Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Katherine HughesGerry A Polton

Abstract

A 6-year-old female neutered Burmese cat received a 10 times overdose (5mg/m(2)) of vincristine, administered in error. Supportive therapy, including administration of calcium folinate, was instigated within 8h. Despite treatment, the patient exhibited deterioration in renal and respiratory function and died 72 h after overdose. Necropsy was performed within 24h of death. Gross examination revealed pulmonary oedema and a pale brown liver with a prominent lobular pattern. Histological examination revealed marked apoptosis and necrosis of the bone marrow myeloid series, and mild to moderate apoptosis and necrosis of the erythroid and megakaryocyte series. Multifocal necrosis of the renal tubules, hepatocytes, and small intestinal crypt epithelium was also observed. Use of calcium folinate as a rescue therapy following vincristine overdose in humans has been previously documented. If treatment is to be successful in cases of vincristine overdose in cats, then a more complete understanding of the pathogenesis of vincristine toxicity in companion animal species is required.

References

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Citations

Feb 9, 2010·The Journal of Small Animal Practice·I A GrantK E Jandrey
Sep 29, 2020·The Veterinary Clinics of North America. Small Animal Practice·J D Foster

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